Martin Luther King Jr
1929- 1968 was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed
to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta and from
1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor.
Whitney Moore Young
– 1971) was an American Civil Rights leader. He spent most of his career working to end employment discrimination in
the U.S. and turning the National Urban League from a relatively passive civil rights organization into one that aggressively
fought for equitable access to socioeconomic opportunity for the historically disenfranchised.His cover has a Marg cachet,
the stamp issued January 30,1981 for 15 cents.
“Father of Black History,”
Credit for the evolving awareness of the true place of blacks in history
can,in large part, be bestowed on one man,Carter G.Woodson.And, his brainchild the Association for the Study of African American
Life and History, Inc..This FDC carries a Readers Digest cachet,in Honor of Mr. Woodson with a USPS 20cent Issue from February
1797-1883 was the self-given name, from 1843, of Isabella Baumfree, an African-American abolitionist and women's
rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, New York. Her best-known speech, Ain't I a Woman?, was delivered
in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio.Ms Truth is honored with this 22 cent stamp issued on February
4, 1986, the cover carries an ArtCraft cachet.
James Weldon Johnson
Author, Educator & Civil Rights leader. He was Consulship to Venezuela, & Nicaragua under T.Roosevelt.Held 2 positions
with the NAACP. He wrote "Lift Every Voice and Sing" which became
known as the Negro National Anthem. He was honored on Feruary 2, 1988 with this
22 cent issue complimented here by an ARTMASTER cachet.
1889 - 1979 He won the fight to ban discrimination
in the armed forces. He led 250,000 people in the historic 1963 March on Washington. He spoke for all the dispossessed: Blacks,
poor Whites, Puerto Ricans, Indians and Mexican Americans. Founded the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.He was honored
by USPS on February 3, 1989 with this 25 cent issue which also carries an ArtCraft cachet.
Jan Ernst Matzeliger
1852-1889 revolutionized the shoemaking
industry with his invention of the lasting (shaping) machine. This invention reduced the cost of manufacturing shoes
by one-half. He is remembered for his persistence and optimism in the face of prejudice and ill health. He is honored on this
29 cent stamp issue from Lynn Ma. September 15, 1991 it has a Postal Commemorative Society cachet.
Percy Lavon Julian
Eminent Scientist, Educator,and Entrepreneur. He filed over 100 patents, and formulated chemical procedures which led to the
developement of oral contraceptives and the drug Cortisone.Won thge Singarn Medal presented by the NAACP.His stamp issued
January 29,1993 is a 29 cent stamp,the cover is cacheted by Fleetwood .
Elizabeth Bessie Coleman
she was an American Civil Aviator,She could not gain admission to American flight schools because she was black and a woman.Coleman
took French language class at the Berlitz school in Chicago, and then traveled to Paris on November 20, 1920.On June 15, 1921,
Coleman became not only the first African-American woman to earn an international aviation license from the Fédération
Aéronautique Internationale, but the first African American woman in the world to earn an aviation pilot's license.Coleman
quickly realized that in order to make a living as a civilian aviator—the age of commercial flight was still a decade
or more in the future—she would need to become a "barnstorming" stunt flier,"Queen Bess," as she
was known from Europe,was admired by both blacks and whites and was a very popular draw at shows.This only lasted about 5
years when a tragic accident took her life during a routine flight.Cover by Brads cache, 32 cent stamp issued in her honor
on April 27,1995 by the US Postal Service.
Benjamin O. Davis Sr.
1880-1970, He was the first African American general in the
United States Army.On 14 June 1899, Davis enlisted in the Regular Army. He was assigned to Troop I, 3rd Squadron, 9th Cavalry
at Ft. Duchesne one of the original Buffalo Soldiers Units.He served a number of stints at both Wilberforce University in
Ohio, and,Tuskegee University in Alabama as Professor of Military Science and Tactics. From 1953 through 1961, he served
as a member of the American Battle Monuments Commission.We Honor him here with a House of Farnam cachet and the USPS 32 cents
issue on January 28 1997.
– 1965, born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, was an African American Muslim minister,
human rights activist, & public speaker. He has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans
in history both here (US) and abroad.A mystic Stamp Co. cachet accompanies this FDC from January 20, 1999.
1981 was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s. Wilkins' most notable role
was in his leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP. January 24, 2001
was the issue date for this 34 cent stamp and a House of Farnam cachet in honor of Mr. Wilkins accomplishments.
1908 – 1993, the first African-American justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States. Cheif counsel for the NAACP's Legal Defense and Education Fund, appointed to
the US Court of Appeals, U.S.Solicitor General.We Honor Mr. Marshall with a 37 cent issue from January 7, 2003 and an Artmaster
American atlete, 1st Black Major League Baseball player to break the color barrier in sports.Honored by USPS with this 20cent
issue on August 2, 1982 cover cacheted by the Postal Commemorative Society.
-1919 " The Father of Ragtime "acclaimed as a musician with vision he created a musical style with its roots
set deep in pioneer America.In 1976 received the Pulitzer Prize award posthumousfor his inghenious invention.This FDC carries
the 20 cent issue from June 9, 1983 with a Fleetwood cachet.
Mary Mcleod Bethune
1875-1955 was an American educator and civil rights leader best known for starting a school for black students in
Daytona Beach, Florida that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University and for being an advisor to President Franklin D.
Roosevelt. The cover below has a Readers Digest cachet on left with a single issue honoring Mary Bethune on March 5th 1985
Jean-Baptiste Pointe du Sable
1745-1818 "The Founder of Chicago" born in St. Marc,
Saint Dominique (Haiti). He was the son of a French mariner and African-born slave mother and Educated in France. In
the early 1770's he made his way up the Mississippi. Where he established a trading post on the North Bank of the Chicago
River mouth. His business prospered and became the center of a permanent Chicago settlement. In 1968, he was finally recognized
as the man who founded Chicago. Depicted here on an ArtCraft cachet, His stamp issue is a 22 cent block of four from
February 20, 1987.
Ida Bell Wells Barnett
1862-1931 was an African American
journalist, newspaper editor and, with her husband, newspaper owner Ferdinand L. Barnett, an early leader in the civil rights
movement. She documented the extent of lynching in the United States, and was also active in the women's rights movement
and the women's suffrage movement. Ida received her stamp on February 1, 1990 a 25cent issue and an Aristocrat cachet.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
1868-1963 Scholar and political activist helped found the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). DuBois attended Harvard University in 1895 the first
African-American to receive a doctorate from the school. He became a university professor, a prolific writer and a pioneering
social scientist on the topic of black culture. Honored here with a 29 cent stamp issued on January 31, 1992, also on
the FDC an Artcraft cachet.
William Boyd Allison Davis
– 1983 was an Educator, Anthropologist, Writer, Researcher, and Scholar. The first African-American to hold a full faculty position
at a major white university when he joined the staff of Chicago University in 1942.His stamp was issued on February 1, 1994
for 29 cents, Postal Commemorative Society cacheted cover.
Ernest Everett Just
1883 - 1941 As a sophomore at Dartmouth, he enrolled
in his first biology class and read an article which attempted to explain the process of fertilization and egg development,
which sparked a lifelong interest in embryology. After graduating he taught at Howard University where he was appointed head
of the Department of Zoology in 1912. At Howard, he also served as a professor in the medical school and head of the Department
of Physiology until his death. The first Spingarn Medal was awarded to the reluctant and modest Just by the NAACP in 1915
for his accomplishments as a pure scientist. He published two books his first book entitled, Basic Methods for Experiments
on Eggs of Marine Mammals and his second,The Biology of the Cell Surface.He was only 58 years of age when he past.Dr.Just
is honored here with a 32 cent issue on this FDC on February 1, 1996 and cacheted by CcCachets.
1867 – 1919 was an African-American businesswoman, hair care entrepreneur
and philanthropist. The first female who became a millionaire by her own achievements.She made her fortune by developing and
marketing a hugely successful line of beauty and hair products for black women under the company she founded, Madam C.J. Walker
Manufacturing Company. Here she is honored with a 32 cent USPS issue on January 28,1998. The cachet is by the Postal Commemorative
Society shows C.J. with her products..
Patricia Roberts Harris
Cabinet member, former U.S. ambassador to Luxembourg, politician, lawyer, educator. The first African American woman to hold
a Cabinet post. Harris worked hard to rebuild urban neighborhoods and encouraged businesses to invest in troubled areas. Encouraged
by her success at HUD, Carter later made Harris the Secretary of Health and Human Services in his cabinet. The Postal
Commemorative Society and USPS honor Ms Harris with a cachet of her likeness on January 27, 2000 & a 33 cent
James Mercer Langston Hughes
1902 – 1967, He was one of the earliest innovators
of the art form Jazz Poetry, aside from being an American Poet he was also a novelist, playwright, short story writer, &
columnist. He won the Harmon Gold Medal for Literature, and received the Guggenheim Fellowship, The Spingarn Medal.The cover
above carries a House of Farnam cachet, with the February 1, 2002 postmark and a 34 cent First Day of Issue stamp.
(November 9, 1731 – October 9, 1806) was a free African American, surveyor,
almanac author, Astronomer, Mathematician, and farmer .Shown on a readers Digest cacheted cover his February 15,1980 stamp